Vocal Scales

When warming up your voice and beginning your practice sessions, it is a good idea to relax your body and to use vocal scales to slowly warm up your vocal cords.  Warming up and relaxing is extremely important so you don’t injure your voice or strain your throat.


Stand tall.  Pay attention to your posture.  Stand with your back straight and your head held up, looking straight ahead.  Put your arms down by your side and breathe in slowly.  Breathe out slowly, emptying your lungs of air.  Tighten your fists while slowly breathing in and out.  Relax your fists.  Tighten your leg muscles while slowly and gently breathing in and out.  Relax your leg muscles.  Feel your body begin to let go of tensions.  Feel your muscles tighten and relax.  Move to your jaw muscles.  Tighten and relax your jaw muscles while you breathe gently in and out with deep, slow breathe.  Shake your arms and then let them relax by your sides.  Softly rotate your head, letting your neck muscles gently relax and feel your throat and neck ease and let go of tensions.  Open your mouth as far as you can, stretching your facial muscles.  Gently close your mouth to the original position again.

If you practice these relaxation techniques every day, you will become familiar with how your body feels when it is in a relaxed state.  Being relaxed will help your body be at ease and will help your vocal cords relax and elongate.  Once you are relaxed, you can begin to sing.


Warm ups and practices should begin with vocal scales.  Begin by standing up straight with your arms at your sides.  Sing one note.  Hold it as long as you can without difficulty.  When you begin to run out of breathe, release the note.  Sing another note, as long as you can, and release it when breathing becomes difficult.  Try different notes such as the traditional Doh, Ray, Me, Far, So, La, Te, Doh.  Change the shape of your mouth as you sing.  Form Os and Es and Oohs with your mouth and face as you sing the notes as long as you can.

Once you have practiced holding notes, sing up and down the scale.  This is referred to as arpeggio.  Sing short notes, called staccato, and long notes as well.  Change the length and pitch of your voice as you sing notes.

Practicing Vocal Scales

You should practice relaxation along with vocal scales every day.  This should take no more than 30 minutes to do the relaxation and easy vocal scales.  Remember to record your practice sessions so you can listen to them and compare your previous recordings to your current recordings.  You will be amazed at how different you sound after just a few weeks.  Regular practicing and relaxation techniques can really make a difference to the beginning singer.